Women and FGM (caution advised. some material may be upsetting)
Every year, millions of women and girls worldwide suffer violence, be it domestic violence, rape, female genital mutilation/cutting, dowry-related killing, trafficking, sexual violence in conflict-related situations, or other manifestations of abuse.
Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Communities that practise female genital mutilation report a variety of social and religious reasons for continuing with it.
Seen from a human rights perspective, the practice reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women. Female genital mutilation is nearly always carried out on minors and is therefore a violation of the rights of the child.
The practice denies women and girls their right to:
Physical and mental integrity
Freedom from violence
The highest attainable standard of health
Freedom from discrimination on the basis of sex
Freedom from torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatments
Life (when the procedure results in death).
Questions to consider
Is FGM and issue for your country and region? Why does it occur?
What safeguards and legislation exists to protect women and punish perpetrators? Does this work?
What needs to be done?
A documentary following the lives of 2 girls
A call for a UN Resolution on FGM